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2014年管理类联考英语二真题
  • 作者:编辑部
  • 来源:考研之家
  • 时间:[2015-08-05 11:28:00]
  • 点击数:
案】B A special tour
  【解析】细节题。答案定位在第二段的"it is far better to spend money on experiences…like interesting trips…",意思是"花钱消费在经历方面更好……,比如说有趣的旅行……",由此可以得知答案是B选项"一场特别的旅行"。
 
  22. The author’s attitude toward Americans’ watching TV is
  [A]critical
  [B]supportive
  [C]sympathetic
[D]ambiguous
、【答案】A critical
  【解析】观点态度题。答案定位在第三段的"something the average American spends a whopping two months a year doing, and is hardly jollier for it",意思是"普通美国人一年花两个月的时间看电视,并且看电视几乎不可能更愉快",因此可以得知作者对于看电视的态度是A选项"批判的"。
 
  23. Macrib is mentioned in paragraph 3 to show that
  [A]consumers are sometimes irrational
  [B]popularity usually comes after quality
  [C]marketing tricks are after effective
[D]rarity generally increases pleasure
、【答案】D rarity generally increases pleasure
  【解析】观点例证题。答案定位在第三段,文章中提到Mc Rib这个例子,用这个例子证明的论点是"luxuries are most enjoyable when they are consumed sparingly",大意是"有节制地消费奢侈品最令人愉悦",D选项正是这句论点句的同义替换。
 
  24. According to the last paragraph,Happy Money
  [A]has left much room for readers’criticism
  [B]may prove to be a worthwhile purchase
  [C]has predicted a wider income gap in the us
[D]may give its readers a sense of achievement
【答案】B may prove to be a worthwhile purchase
  【解析】细节题。答案定位在最后一段的最后一句"most people will come away from this book believing it was money well spent",大意是"大多数人看完这本书后,认为物有所值",因此可以推知B选项是正确答案。
 
  25. This text mainly discusses how to
  [A]balance feeling good and spending money
  [B]spend large sums of money won in lotteries
  [C]obtain lasting satisfaction from money spent
[D]become more reasonable in spending on luxuries
【答案】A balance feeling good and spending money
  【解析】主旨题。纵观全文可知,全文主要谈论花钱消费和心情愉悦之间的关系,因此答案定位在A选项。
 
  Text 2
  An article in Scientific America has pointed out that empirical research says that, actually, you think you’re more beautiful than you are. We have a deep-seated need to feel good about ourselves and we naturally employ a number of self-enhancing strategies to research into what the call the “above average effect”, or “illusory superiority”, and shown that, for example, 70% of us rate ourselves as above average in leadership, 93% in driving and 85% at getting on well with others—all obviously statistical impossibilities.
  We rose tint our memories and put ourselves into self-affirming situations. We become defensive when criticized, and apply negative stereotypes to others to boost our own esteem, we stalk around thinking we’re hot stuff.
  Psychologist and behavioral scientist Nicholas Epley oversaw a key studying into self-enhancement and attractiveness. Rather that have people simply rate their beauty compress with others, he asked them to identify an original photogragh of themselves’ from a lineup including versions that had been altered to appear more and less attractive. Visual recognition, reads the study, is “an automatic psychological process occurring rapidly and intuitively with little or no apparent conscious deliberation”. If the subjects quickly chose a falsely flattering image- which must did- they genuinely believed it was really how they looked. Epley found no significant gender difference in responses. Nor was there any evidence that, those who self-enhance the must (that is, the participants who thought the most positively doctored picture were real) were doing so to make up for profound insecurities. In fact those who thought that the images higher up the attractiveness scale were real directly corresponded with those who showed other makers for having higher self-esteem. “I don’t think the findings that we having have are any evidence of personal delusion”, says Epley. “It’s a reflection simply of people generally thinking well of themselves’. If you are depressed, you won’t be self-enhancing. Knowing the results of Epley ‘s study,it makes sense that why people heat photographs of themselves Viscerally-on one level, they don’t even recognise the person in the picture as themselves, Facebook therefore ,is a self-enhancer’s paradise,where people can share only the most flattering photos, the cream of their wit ,style ,beauty, intellect and lifestyle it’s not that people’s profiles are dishonest,says catalina toma of Wiscon—Madison university ,”but they portray an idealized version of themselves.
  26. According to the first paragraph, social psychologist have found that ______.
  [A] our self-ratings are unrealistically high
  [B] illusory superiority is baseless effect
  [C] our need for leadership is unnatural
[D] self-enhancing strategies are ineffective
、【答案】A our self-ratings are unrealistically high
  【解析】题目问 "根据第一段,社会心理学家发现了什么?"对应于文章第一 段第三句"社会心理学家对所谓的‘高于均数效应’或者‘虚幻的优越感’进行大量的研究,发现我们中70%的人认为自己的领导力在平均水平之上……—这些数 据明显都是不可能的。"由此可知,我们对自己评价过高。故答案为[A] our self-ratings are unrealistically high。
 
  27. Visual recognition is believed to be people’s______
  [A] rapid watching
  [B] conscious choice
  [C] intuitive response
[D] automatic self-defence
【答案】C intuitive response
【解析】题目问"视觉识别被认为是人们的什么?"对应于文章第三段第三句"视觉识别是自动的心理过程,这个过程依靠直觉快速发生,且并不是故意的。"由此可知,视觉识别被认为是人们的直觉反应。故答案为[C] intuitive response。

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